Tanzania is an African country that attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world every year. This is a large state. Especially in comparison with other African countries. Despite its poverty, the state is rich in cultural and historical values. It is a leader in many areas, some of which are quite unusual. In this article, we will reveal interesting facts about Tanzania, its population and culture.
Interestingly, on the territory of present-day Tanzania, the ancestors of people lived more than 3.5 million years ago. This is evidenced by the excavations, during which footprints of erect hominids were found.
Subsequently, people who had common roots with the Bushmen and Hottentots settled in this territory. They were joined by the Kushite tribes.
At the beginning of the XVI century, Portuguese people landed on the coast of present-day Tanzania. They captured almost all the settlements that were located along the coastline and served as ports. They were expelled only after more than 100 years.
Tanzania has two capitals and two official languages-English and Swahili. However, in fact, the majority of the population does not speak English and does not have the opportunity to learn it, as it is very expensive.
The water part of Tanzania occupies only 6% of the total area. The largest lakes are Victoria, Nyasa, Tanganyika, which ranks second in volume and depth on Earth after lake Baikal.
Another 1/3 of the territory is reserved for protected areas.
The largest crater in the world, Nygorongoro, is located on the territory of Tanzania. Its area is 264 km2. That is, the crater is larger than the size of some countries.
55 million people live on the territory of the state. Only 2% of them are pensioners over the age of 65. Interestingly, the average age of residents is 18 years. This is a very low indicator due to various factors.
All children in Tanzania must attend school. However, in fact, no more than half of the children go to school.
The country is currently home to more than 100 different nationalities.
An interesting fact about Tanzania is that there are 7 times more albinos born in the Country than in any other country in the world. Scientists can't explain this phenomenon. However, local residents are in no hurry to enjoy this record. Albino children are often the victims of kidnappings. They are used for the removal of organs for subsequent resale.
Children are abducted in broad daylight. In most cases, they disappear without a trace. Even if the kidnappers are caught, they are released after a few months. In this case, a lot of money is involved.
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